By adopting efficient driving habits, takes better advantage of the vehicle performance.
Ecodriving is an efficient way of driving that allows to reduce:
- Fuel consumption;
- Pollutant gas and particle emissions incurred from insufficient hydrocarbon combustion;
- Greenhouse gas emissions manly carbon dioxide (CO2), that contributes to global warming;
- Road accidents, has rapid accelerations and sudden breakings are diminished, also making for a smoother ride;
The automotive industry has been developing vehicles with better fuel consumption and lower pollutant gases emissions, although the vehicle driver may also contribute for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions while at the same time promoting for a higher road safety.
By adopting more efficient, ecological and safer driving habits you will achieve a higher vehicle performance, while optimizing fuel consumption, reducing noise and gas pollution. You also will be contributing for safer roads.
Ecodriving Golden Rules:
- Start your vehicle engine only immediately before the start of your trip and switch it off every time the vehicle has to stay idle for more than one minute;
- Maintain a steady speed whenever possible and, above all, drive smoothly, avoiding rapid accelerations / decelerations and sudden breaking. (You may save up to 15% in fuel by driving at 80 Km/h instead of driving at 100 Km/h.);
- Use the highest possible gear. A higher gear signifies a lower RPM, which will result in lower fuel consumption. (Savings potential of 10%);
- Obey Speed limits. Achieve higher fuel economy and safer roads by doing so. (An increase of 10% in speed may increase fuel consumption by 15%);
- Keep your vehicle in gear while driving downhill, achieving higher safety and a close to null fuel consumption;
- Adapt your vehicle speed to the traffic you meet and avoid changing traffic lanes as much as you possibly can;
- Plan ahead unfamiliar journeys and try to avoid rush hours. A well planned trip is a good way to save fuel. (Savings potential of 5%);
- Avoid using car roof-racks and boxes as they add wind resistance and increase fuel consumption. (Changing the aerodynamic characteristics of a - vehicle may boost your fuel consumption by 5%);
- Travel light, carry only what you need. Remove all unnecessary weight from the car trunk and back seats. (Savings potential of 5%);
- Avoid short car trips. You will save fuel while contributing to your personal well being;
- Try to avoid the use of the A/C. Air Conditioning systems may consume up to half a liter of fuel per hour and, at the beginning of the trip, can be responsible for an fuel consumption increase of (about) 10%.
By IMTT - Institute of Mobility and Inland Transport